Biblical manuscripts, with some exceptions that are minor as verses written on amulets and pots, are written using one of three materials: Papyrus, Parchment, and Paper. Each had benefits and drawbacks. Parchment (treated animal skins) ended up being the most durable, but in addition the most costly, and it is tough to get more and more sheets for the size that is same color. Papyrus was less costly, but wore away more quickly and, as it is damaged by moist, few copies survive towards the current day, except from Egypt (as well as those usually defectively damaged). Paper didn’t be available until reasonably recently, and whilst it had been less expensive than parchment once paper mills had been founded, the mills had high overhead expenses, so that they had been fairly few in number; paper had been in no way as low priced in the belated manuscript period as today (whenever paper is made of timber pulp instead of rags).
The sections that are following the different forms of ancient writing materials and exactly how these were ready.
The initial fairly complete description of exactly just how papyrus was prepared comes from Pliny’s normal History (xiii.11f.): “Papyrus the writing material is manufactured out of the papyrus plant by div >